Mosheim, Joham Lorenz (1694-1755)

The famous Lutheran Church historian, made the first impartial investigation of the Servetus controversy, and marks a reaction of judgment in favor of Servetus, in two monographs, Geschichte des berühmten Spanischen Arztes Michael Serveto, Helmstaedt, 1748, 4° (second vol. of his Ketzergeschichte); and Neue Nachrichten von Serveto, 1750. He had first intrusted his materials to a pupil, Henr. Ab. Allwoerden, who published a Historia Michaelis Serveti, Helmstadii, 1727 (238 pp., with a fine portrait of Servetus and the scene of his execution) but as this book was severely criticised by Armand de la Chapelle, the pastor of the French congregation at the Hague, Mosheim wrote his first work chiefly from copies of the acts of the trial of Servetus at Geneva (which are verified by the publication of the original documents in 1844), and his second work from the trial at Vienne, which were furnished to him by a French ecclesiastic. Comp. Henry, III. 102 sq.; Dyer, 540 sq.

Saisset, Emile (1814-1863)

Michael Servet, I. Doctrine philosophique et religieuse de M. S.; II. Le procès et la mort de M. S. In the "Revue des deux Mondes" for 1848, and in his "Mélanges d’histoire," 1859, pp. 117–227. Saisset was the first to assign Servetus his proper place among scientists and pantheists. He calls him "le théologien philosophe panthéiste précurseur inattendu de Malebranche et de Spinoza, de Schleiermacher et de Strauss."

Works on Servetus:

1848 Saisset, Emile Edmond, 1814-1863, Michel Servet. (Paris, [1848]. [585]-618, [818]-848p.)

Tollin, Henri (1833-1902)

Lic. Theol., Dr. Med., and minister of the French Reformed Church at Magdeburg, Germany. Dr. Tollin is one of the greatest Servetus scholar and vindicator, who calls himself "a Calvinist by birth and a decided friend of toleration by nature." He was led to the study of Servetus by his interest in Calvin, and has written a Serveto-centric library of about forty books and tracts, bearing upon every aspect of Servetus: his Theology, Anthropology, Soteriology, Eschatology, Diabology, Antichristology, his relations to the Reformers (Luther, Bucer, Melanchthon), and to Thomas Aquinas, and also his medical and geographical writings. He has kindly furnished me with a complete list, and I will mention the most important below in their proper places.

Osler, Sir William (1849-1909)

Physician; born in Bond Head, Ontario, Canada. He studied medicine in Canada and in Europe (where in 1873 he was the first to observe blood platelets). He returned to teach at McGill University in Montreal (1875--84). He came to the U.S.A. to teach at the University of Pennsylvania (1884--88); while there he helped found the Association of American Physicians. From 1888--1905 he taught at Johns Hopkins University's new medical school, where he revolutionized American medical teaching by insisting that medical students have responsibilities to patients even as he insisted on more scientific and professional standards in the teaching and practice of medicine. His Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892) long remained the standard textbook in medical schools throughout the world. He went to Oxford, England, to take the Regius Chair of Medicine (1905--19), and among many honors in his lifetime he was made a baronet in 1911. A man of incredible energy he wrote numerous books, gave scores of special addresses, founded various organizations - he was also a medical historian and collector of medical books; his library is housed at McGill University that contains one of the more complete book collections on and by servetus.

Works on Servetus:

1909 Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919, Michael Servetus.(Baltimore: Lord Baltimore Press, 909. 31 p.: plates, port.)

Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino (1856-1912)

Spanish literary historian and critic. His vast contribution to Spanish scholarship includes Historia de los heterodoxos españoles (1880–82), a panoramic history of Spain; Historia de las ideas estéticas en España (1883–91), an equally panoramic cultural history of Spain; an anthology of Castilian poetry (13 vol., 1890–1908); an important anthology of Latin American poetry (1893–95). His masterpiece was the Orígines de la novela española (1905–15).

Works on Servetus:

1877 Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino, 1856-1912, Historia de los Heterodoxos Españoles (Madrid, 1877. Tom. II. 249–313)

Bainton, Roland (1894-1984)

Congregational minister and Reformation scholar, born in Ilkeston, Derbyshire, C England, UK. Taken to Canada by his father in 1898, he was educated at Whitman College and Yale University. He taught Church history at Yale Divinity School (1920--62), and became a leading scholar of the Protestant Reformation in America. His biography on Servetus is one of the major modern works on Servetus in English.

Works on Servetus:

1953 Bainton, Roland H., Hunted Heretic. The Life and Death of Michael Servetus 1511-1553. (Boston: The Beacon Press, 1953, 1960).

Arribas Salaberri, Julio P. (1911-1984)

Professor of economics and history of commerce at the School of Commerce in Lérida and director of this institution until his death in 1984. He was the founder of the Instituto de Estudios Sijenenses Miguel Servet in Servetus’ native town (1975) with the goal of promoting studies on Servetus and his legacy. The Institute counts over two hundred members grouping prominent researchers and scholars from various part of the world and published over twenty monographs on various aspects of Servetian studies. It organizes an annual session with lectures devoted to Servetus. On the other hand, Julio P. Arribas has published a significant number of monographic works on Servetus and other historical related topics (e.g., Historia del Monasterio de Sijena) contributing in a significant way to the diffusion of Servetus character in Spain.